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Study Guide

Nursing Metaparadigm, Conceptual Models (Paradigms), and Theories


READ CAREFULLY:

  1. Taylor, Lillis, & LeMone, Chapter 5 (pp. 67-77)
  2. Class lecture notes off the Internet
  3. Overview of nurse theorists off the Internet

TERMS TO KNOW:

  1. Concept
    1. a word or collection of words that bring forth mental pictures of the properties and meanings of some phenomenon
  2. Conceptual model or framework
    1. an abstract, general, and comprehensive perspective of the metaparadigm of a discipline that is more specific than the metaparadigm
  3. Deductive reasoning
    1. a cognitive process in which one examines a general idea and then considers specific actions or ideas
  4. Definition
    1. a declarative statement of the intention to use a concept in a particular way
  5. Descriptive theory
    1. describes or classifies the dimensions or characteristics of individuals, groups, situations, or events
  6. Explanatory theory
    1. specifies the relationships between the dimensions or characteristics of individuals, groups, situations, or events
  7. Hypothesis
    1. special type of declarative statement, written in a specific format, that expresses the relationship between two or more concepts in a such a way that the relationship between the concepts can be empirically tested and either accepted or rejected
  8. Inductive reasoning
    1. a cognitive process in which one identifies a specific idea or action and then makes conclusions about general ideas
  9. Metaparadigm
    1. the most global perspective of the phenomena of concern of a particular discipline that provides the boundaries of the discipline, distinguishes the discipline from other disciplines, makes the discipline unique
  10. Nonrelational propositions
    1. propositions that states the existence of a concept
  11. Predictive theory
    1. predicts the relationships between the dimensions or characteristics of individuals, groups, situations, or events
  12. Proposition
    1. a declarative statement that expresses the relationship between two or more concepts
  13. Relational propositions
    1. propositions that asserts the existence of a relationship and/or the direction of a relationship
  14. Theory
    1. a specific, concrete, restricted perspective of particular phenomena that encompasses the following: 1) a limited number of specific, concrete, well-defined concepts, 2) a specific, concrete set of propositions that express the relationship among the concepts, 3) and a set of specific, concrete hypotheses that can be empirically tested and, therefore, either accept or reject the relationship between the concepts

LEARNING ACTIVITIES:

  1. Lecture
  2. Discussion
  3. Read the following PRIOR to class:
    1. Taylor, Lillis, & LeMone, Chapter 5 (pp. 67-77)
    2. Class lecture notes off the Internet
    3. Overview of nurse theorists off the Internet
  4. View the following videotapes ANYTIME:
    1. Portraits of Excellence: Betty Neuman (Helene Fuld Health Trust video: 47 mins.)
    2. Portraits of Excellence: Dorothea Orem (Helene Fuld Health Trust video: 35 mins.)
    3. Portraits of Excellence: Florence Nightingale (Helene Fuld Health Trust video: 76 mins.)
    4. Portraits of Excellence: Imogene King (Helene Fuld Health Trust video: 47 mins.)
    5. Portraits of Excellence: Madeline Leininger (Helene Fuld Health Trust video: 44 mins.)
    6. Portraits of Excellence: Martha Rogers (Helene Fuld Halth Trust video: 29 mins.)
    7. Portraits of Excellence: Myra Levine (Helene Fuld Health Trust video: 32 mins.)
    8. Portraits of Excellence: Jean Watson (Helene Fuld Health Trust video: 46 mins.)
    9. Portraits of Excellence: Dorothy E. Johnson (Helen Fuld Health Trust video: 45 mins.)
    10. Portraits of Excellence: Sister Callista Roy (Helene Fuld Health Trust video: 43 mins.)

STUDY QUESTIONS TO REVIEW FOR TEST:

  1. The concepts that comprise the metaparadigm of nursing.
  2. Review the major concepts of Orem's, Roy's, Roger's, and Levine's conceptual models.
  3. Review the uses of theory and conceptual models for nursng practice, education, and research.
  4. Review the arguments for and against the use of one conceptual model.
  5. Review the differences between a definition, proposition, and hypothesis.
  6. Review the order of the structural hierarchy of knowledge within a discipline.
  7. Review the seven elements necessary to be an effective conceptual model of nursing.

This page was last modified on 6/1/02

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